Medical Bulletin 27/October/2021

Here are Top Medical Stories of the day

Serum palmitoleic acid levels may predict prognosis

Palmitoleic acid is an adipose tissue-derived mono-unsaturated free fatty acid.

In a study conducted by Yuko Akazawa and the team, it was found that palmitoleic acid (PO) can be used as the indicator of the local inflammation and prognosis in Crohn’s disease (CD) patients.

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Elevated Serum Palmitoleic Acid Levels May Predict Prognosis Of Crohn’s Disease, Study Finds

Microneedles may effectively deliver local anaesthesia

Microneedles (MNs) for local anaesthesia delivery are as successful as the current gold standard, according to a study published in the Advanced Functional Materials

Pain management during dental procedures is a cornerstone for successful daily practice. In current practice, the traditional needle and syringe injection are used to administer local anaesthesia. Perhaps the most common tool for dental pain management is a 2% lidocaine hydrochloride (HCl) solution with 1:100,000 epinephrine. A cartridge with up to 1.8 ml of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine provides the duration of approximately 60 to 90 minutes when using an injection block technique for pulpal anaesthesia. Any cartridge may contain 1.8 ml of solution, but the average volume is 1.76 ml and recommendations to calculate dosage should err on the higher volume for safety purposes.

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Prophylactic Azithromycin may reduce asthma

Long term Prophylactic Azithromycin causes significant reduction in exacerbations in adult asthma patients, reports a new research.

An observational study by Aravind Ponnuswamy and team revealed that Long-term prophylactic azithromycin showed to have a significant reduction the number of infections and hospitalisations in asthmatic patients. However there was no improvement in the lung function and 5% patients had hearing impairment.

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Treatment of anxiety disorders: German Guidelines

A recent study published in the European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience reports German guidelines for the treatment of anxiety disorders.

The guideline is a revision of the 2014 German Guidelines for Anxiety Disorders done by a consensus group consisting of 35 experts representing the 29 leading German specialist societies and patient self-help organizations.

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Local Steroid Injection delays need for surgery

Local Steroid Injection is beneficial for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, according to recent study published in the JAMA Network Open.

Local steroid injection is commonly used in treating patients with idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome, but evidence regarding long-term efficacy is lacking.

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Local Steroid Injection Delays Need For Surgery In Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: JAMA

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